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2020年专升本英语完型填空常见词缀,让你的英语成绩一飞冲天!

2020年专升本英语完型填空常见词缀,让你的英语成绩一飞冲天!

1. 名词后缀

1)-or/er/ess/crat/cis:做某件事情或职业的人或物:worker,debtor ,actress, democrat,

2)-acy, 表示"性质,状态,境遇"democracy, accuracy, diplomacy

3)-ance, -ence表示"性质,状况,行为,过程,总量,程度” importance, diligence, difference, obedience

4)-ancy, -ency, 表示"性质,状态,行为,过程"frequency, urgency, efficiency,

5)-bility, 表示"动作,性质,状态"possibility, flexibility, feasibility,

6)-dom, 表示"等级,领域,状态"freedom, kingdom, wisdom

7)-hood, 表示"资格,身份, 年纪,状态"childhood, manhood, falsehood

8)-ion, -sion, -tion, -ation, -ition, 表示"行为的过程,结果,状况"action, solution, conclusion, destruction, expression, correction

9)-ism, 表示"制度,主义,学说,信仰,行为" socialism, criticism, colloquialism, heroism10)-ity, 表示"性质,状态,程度”purity, reality, ability, calamity

11)-ment, 表示"行为,状态,过程,手段及其结果 treatment, movement, judgment, punishment, argument

12)-ness, 表示"性质,状态,程度"goodness, kindness, tiredness, friendliness

13)-ship, 表示"情况,性质,技巧,技能及身份,职业” hardship, membership, friendship14)-th, 表示"动作,性质,过程,状态"depth, wealth, truth, length, growth

15)-tude, 表示"性质,状态,程度"latitude, altitude(海拔)

16)-ure, 表示"行为,结果"exposure, pressure, failure, procedure(手续),

17-grapy, 表示"……学,写法”biography, calligraphy, geography

18)-ic, ics, 表示"……学……法"logic, mechanics, electronics, linguistics

19)-ology, 表示"……学……论”biology,zoology, technology(工艺学)

20)-nomy, 表示"……学……术"astronomy, economy, bionomy(生态学)

2. 形容词后缀

(1)带有“属性,倾向,相关”的含义

1)-able, -ible, visible, flexible

2)名词-ish, foolish,bookish, selfish(注意accomplish, vanish)

3)-ive, active, sensitive, productive

4)-like, manlike, childlike

5)名词-ly, manly,fatherly, scholarly, motherly

6)-some, troublesome, handsome

7)-ful, beautiful, wonderful, helpful,truthful

8)-ous, dangerous, generous, courageous,various

9)-ent, violent

10)-most, foremost, topmost

(11)less, 表示否定,countless,stainless, wireless

3. 动词后缀

1)-ize, ise, 表示"做成,变成,……化“modernize,mechanize, democratize, organize

2)-en, 表示"使成为,引起,使有”quicken, weaken, soften, harden

3)-fy, 表示"使……化, 使成”beautify,purify, intensify, signify, simplify

4)-ish, 表示"使,令” finish,abolish, diminish, establish

5)-ate, 表示“成为……,处理,作用”separate, operate, indicate

4. 副词后缀(形容词)-ly:

1)bad→badly坏地/恶劣地,careful→carefully小心地

2)-wise(OE):clock→clockwise(a./adv.)顺时针方向的(地)

3)like→likewise同样地

4)-wards:out→outwards向外面地,

5)north→northwards向北方地来源

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